This video is a documentation from GMA7 station.
Batanes, an Island in the Philippines where an endemic snake can be found, the Batanes pit Vipers. Residents of this province are selling these snake from Batanes to Manila then distributed to different countries.
Depending upon the type, size and color, the price of these snakes ranges from P300 to P2000.
These snakes are travel from Philippine airports illegally till it reaches to the buyers.
Thursday, May 7, 2009
The massive selling of this Endangered species and Exotic animals can always be seen every day not just in Aranque Market but also online. Take a look for examples of the forums like Philippine Pet Finder.
Authorities should really have to get inside or just even try to join the forum to see how these animals being trade.
I dont know about this forumboard too. but they suddenly keep thier forum private.
Pet forumboards are being created one by one by someone just to transact these animals. try searching "Philippine pet forum" and you'll see more.
Friday, May 1, 2009
Over hundreds of reports over the net can be found by searching human trafficking in the Philippines. 150 Filipinas were sold into prostitution to night club operators in African countries, particularly Nigeria. The women were bought for $5,000 each by international syndicates. Men, women and teen girls were trafficked for labor and sexual exploitation to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, South Africa, North America, and Europe. The government and NGO estimates on the number of women trafficked range from 300,000 to 400,000 and the number of children trafficked range from 60,000 to 100,000. Many Filipino men and women voluntarily migrate to work abroad but later coerced into exploitative conditions. Source of Info.
Foreigners visiting Philippines, not just Americans, particularly other Asians, sexually exploit women and children in the Philippines.
The Philippines has internal trafficking of women and children from rural areas, particularly the Visayas and Mindinao, to urban areas, such as Metro Manila and Cebu, for sexual exploitation or forced labor as domestic workers, factory workers, or in the drug trade.
More on the Source Link.
Monday, February 23, 2009
Friday, February 20, 2009
Garbage and sewage are floating below the shanties. There is visible damage after a typhon hit a few months earlier, in which many of the families lost their homes. For many people it is a depressing life. There is no work. At least not every day. And when they get something to do, residents say, pay is a meager 3 to 6 dollars.
In this neighborhood a desparate Maico helplessly watched his daughter on the brink of death. Finally he chose what he considered to be his only alternative: He accepted that one of his two kidneys was removed from the body and transplanted into a man who was willing to pay.
- I received 70.000 pesos (1750 USD) for my kidney. That is the smallest amount anyone has been paid in this area. But I was desperate and did not have much to negotiate with, says Satur Maico.
Thus the daughter, who now is six years old, was admitted to hospital. The father could afford the 15.000 pesos fee. And she survived.
Today a long scar at the right side of his body bear witness of Maico's sacrifice for his daughter. And at least 150 other men have the same scar in this slum area, according to Dalmacio Zeta, who makes a living as broker in the kidney trade.
- I receive 12.000 pesos (300 USD) for every kidney I provide, tells Zeta (picture to the right). According to him, several brokers operate in other slum areas in Manila.
As in many countries, there is a great need for human organs for transplantation in the Philippines. Only a fraction of relatives approached after the death of a family member accept donating organs for people in need. And not all patients have relatives willing to sacrifice one of their own kidneys.
This situation makes some rich patients choose to open their wallet in search of a person who is willing to help save their lives.
In Bagong Lupa hardly anybody donates their kidneys out of compassion. Instead painful poverty and human despair are the motivating forces behind their acceptance when a broker like Dalmacio Zeta approaches them.
- I would not have done it again, one donor, 27-year-old Napoleon Custodio (picture above), says.
For him, what was promised to be a simple surgery, caused a number of problems.
- I spent one year recovering. And even today I am not able to do heavy physical work. I also have to observe a number of restrictions, for instance as to what type of food I can eat, he says.
In what seems to be a typical explanation in the Philippines, he says he made his sacrifice for his family. He received 75.000 pesos (1875 USD), of which half was given to his parents and the rest shared between himself and his six siblings.
- Sometimes I cannot get job assignments because of my poor health. That makes me feel like I was cheated, he explains. His marriage also broke down because of the problems.
- No, I would not have done it again, Custodio repeats.
- Rather I would have killed myself.
So far no laws have regulated the trade in human organs in the Philippines, a fact that has encouraged patients from rich countries like Japan and Saudi Arabia to travel here for a kidney transplantation.
Recently, though, it became a hot topic. Authorities have issued a preliminary ban as more permanent regulations are being prepared. Few people, however, seem to think legislation will have a significant effect.
The reason is obvious: It is a question of money. And it has to do with life, death and despair for both donors and recipients.
A patient must get hold of a kidney donor himself, explains medical doctor Antonio R. Paraiso at the National Kidney Institute.
Those without relatives thus often approach people like Dalmacio Zeta, who is an intermediary between donors and recipients. Doctors at the National Kidney Institute have noted that an increasing number of agents operate in this business.
Doctor Paraiso says most doctors, although they are well aware of the existence of the trade, try to keep the issue at some distance from themselves. He explains:
- Some years ago a patient of mine needed a new kidney. However, he explained that he felt he could not ask any of his own sons to donate. Then one day he appeared with a donor: His maid's son. At that time i refused to do the transplantation. Later on, though, I have learned to put aside my own prejudices. That makes my job easier.
Kidney broker Dalmacio Zeto explains that he gets most orders through a woman who also does business with several other agents. The donors must pass several medical tests before being accepted.
Yet Zeto still has a long way to go before being a wealthy man. He lives in an small shanty at about five square meters close to the beach. His previous home collapsed in a typhon.
He is not very popular in the slum area. As we ask about directions to his place, others just call him "the pig".
- Many are envious because I have bought expensive things after completing deals, such as an organ or a karaoke player. Now all my money are lost, though, he says.
According to doctor Antonio R. Paraiso a kidney transplantation costs about 10.000 USD plus whatever the recipient has to pay for the donor. The latter fee is normally much higher than what the donor himself receives as brokers make sure to take their own share of it.
The National Kidney Institute now tries to make it more difficult for kidney brokers to make money, for instance by making the donor and the recipient meet each other face to face at the hospital.
Paraiso, however, does not completely object to the idea of some form of compensation to people who donate a kidney to a non-relativ. Even within a family gratitude sometimes is expressed in monetary terms, he points out.
- Regulations must be adjusted to our reality, and that being that there is an enormous need for kidney donors, he says.
Thursday, February 19, 2009
The underground economy or black market is a market consisting of all commerce on which applicable taxes and/or regulations of trade are being avoided. The term is also often known as the underdog, shadow economy, black economy or parallel economy.
In modern societies the underground economy covers a vast array of activities. It is generally smallest in countries where economic freedom is greatest, and becomes progressively larger in those areas where corruption, regulation, or legal monopolies restrict legitimate economic activity.
Goods acquired illegally can take one of two price levels:
They may be less expensive than legal market prices, as the supplier does not incur the normal production costs or pay the usual taxes. This is usually the case in the underground market for stolen goods.
Alternatively, illegally supplied goods may be more expensive than normal prices, as the product in question is difficult to acquire or produce, dangerous to deal with or may hardly be available legally. This is usually the case in the underground market for goods that are illegal to purchase, sell or possess.
Even when the underground market offers lower prices, consumers are likely to continue the purchase of the legal counterparts, when possible, due to the following reasons:
The consumer may—justifiably—prefer legal suppliers, as they are both easier to contact and can be held legally accountable in case of product faults
In some jurisdictions, customers may be charged with a criminal offence if they knowingly participate in the unregulated economy, even as a customer.
Consumers may feel that they incur a physical risk to their person, whilst dealing with black market goods, depending on the goods and how they are acquired
Consumers may feel that the black market supplier conducts business immorally, particularly in cases where the black market supplier exploits their own supplier or has a history of exploiting other consumers
However, in some cases consumers may actively prefer the underground market, particularly when government regulations unnecessarily hinder a legitimate service. Examples include:
Unlicensed taxicabs, in Baltimore, it has been reported that many consumers actively prefer illegal taxis, citing that they are more available, convenient, and priced fairly.
Highly marginalized groups, such as illegal immigrants, may effectively be excluded from the legal economy and thus may undertake most of their purchases and employment in the underground economy.
Traded goods and services
In developed countries, some examples of underground economic activities include:
In areas where taxicabs, buses, and other transportation providers are strictly regulated or monopolised by government, an active black market typically flourishes in providing transportation to underserved communities. In the United States, some cities restrict entry to the taxicab market via a medallion system. This has led to an active market illegal taxicab operation. Customers range from black Americans living in urban neighborhoods to rural old-order Amish.
Main article: Illegal drug trade
Beginning in the 19th and 20th centuries, many countries began to ban the possession or use of various recreational drugs, such as the United States' infamous "war on drugs." Many people nonetheless continue to use illegal drugs, and a black market exists to supply them. Despite ongoing law enforcement efforts to intercept illegal drug supplies, demand remains high, providing a large profit motive for organized criminal groups to ensure that drugs are available. The United Nations has reported that the retail market value of illegal drugs is worth 321.6 billion dollars. While law enforcement efforts do capture a small percentage of the distributors of illegal drugs, the high and very inflexible demand for such drugs ensures that black market prices will simply rise in response to the decrease in supply—encouraging new distributors to enter the market in a perpetual cycle. Many drug legalisation activists draw parallels between the United States' experience with alcohol Prohibition and the current bans on various psychoactive drugs.
Prostitution is illegal or highly regulated in some nations throughout the world. In such areas it is classic study of the underground economy because of consistent high demand from customers, and the high pay, labor intensive, and low skill aspects of the work attract a continued supply of sex workers. While prostitution is observed in virtually every nation, studies have shown that it tends to especially flourish in poorer countries, and in areas with large numbers of unattached men, such as around military bases.
Prostitutes in such areas generally operate with some degree of secrecy, sometimes negotiating price and activities through codewords and subtle gesture. Additionally, in areas such as the Netherlands where prostitution is legal but carefully regulated, illegal prostitutes exist whose services are offered without regard for legal requirements or procedures. In Nicaragua legal prostitution is regulated and most upscale hotels require identification of both parties involved to help prevent the growing percentage of child prostitution.
The legislatures of many countries forbid or restrict the ownership of personal arms. These can range from cold steel weapons exceeding certain sizes to firearms, either altogether or by classification (e.g. caliber, automatism, etc), to explosives. The black market can supply such demands, by smuggling the arms from countries where they were either purchased legally or stolen. The purchase of personal arms via these channels can be of use to criminals, those who wish to use them for self defense, and weapons collectors.
Alcohol and tobacco
Black markets can also form near when neighboring jurisdictions with loose or no border controls have substantially different tax rates on similar products. Products that are commonly smuggled to fuel these black markets include alcohol and tobacco.
It has been reported that smuggling one truckload of cigarettes from a low-tax U.S. state to those jurisdictions of the same country with the highest taxes can lead to a profit of up to $2 million. The low-tax states are generally the major tobacco producers and have come under enormous criticism for their reluctance to increase taxes from their minimal rates. North Carolina eventually agreed to raise its taxes from 5 cents per pack to 35 cents, although this remains far below the national average. However, South Carolina has thus far refused to follow suit and raise their taxes from seven cents per pack (currently the lowest in the U.S.A.) Some law enforcement officials have expressed concern that the profits from tobacco smuggling may be directed to terrorist organizations. This has led to calls for the U.S. Congress to intervene by setting mandatory minimum tobacco taxes for all states.
Street vendors in many third world countries, particularly in Asia where loose enforcement of copyright law exists, often sell deeply discounted copies of films, music CDs, and computer software such as video games, sometimes long before the official release of a title. Innovations in consumer DVD and CD burners and the widespread availability on the Internet of cracks for most extant forms of copy protection technology allow anyone with a few hundred dollars to produce DVD and CD copies that are digitally identical to an original and suffer no loss in quality.
Such operations have proven very difficult for copyright holders to combat legally, due to their decentralized nature and the cheap widespread availability of the equipment needed to produce illegal copies for sale. Widespread indifference towards the enforcement of copyright law on the part of law enforcement officials, as well as social acceptance, further compounds the issue.
Money itself can be an item traded on a black market. This usually occurs when a government either taxes transactions of the local currency with foreign currencies, or tries to set, or "peg," the local currency at some arbitrarily low level. By taxing currency transactions at officially designated places (e.g., banks), unofficial vendors of the currency may arise to trade the money without the cost of the tax being incurred. Also, a government may try to physically control the exchange of foreign currencies. When they do so, they often peg their currency with an exchange rate that is unreasonable low compared to the value of the foreign currency. Residents of the country, unable to acquire foreign currency any other way, will seek to buy the foreign currencies from travelers at rates that more properly reflect the local currency's real value (see example of Ghanaian cedi from the 1970's and 1980's).
Appearance and disappearance
In the case of the legal prohibition of a product viewed by large segments of the society as harmless, such as alcohol under prohibition in the United States, the black market can prosper, allowing the black marketeers can reinvest profits in a widely diversified array of legal or illegal activities, well beyond the original item.
Underground markets can be reduced or eliminated by removing the relevant legal restrictions, thereby increasing the supply and quality of formerly banned goods, e.g. marijuana-trade debate. Removing legal restrictions will usually reduce the price of the goods in question, possibly resulting in more of them being bought and sold. This can be beneficial to the state, as the state:
simultaneously decreases the illegal cashflow, thus making the performance of other, potentially more harmful, activities financially harder.
can perform quality and safety controls on the traded goods, thus reducing the harm to the consumers.
can tax the trade, thus providing a source of revenue.
can free up prison space and save taxpayer money
Black markets flourish in most countries during wartime. Most states engaged in total war or other large-scale, extended wars must necessarily impose restrictions on domestic use of critical resources, which are needed for the war effort, such as food, gasoline, rubber, metal, etc., typically through rationing. In most cases, a black market develops to supply rationed goods at exorbitant prices. The rationing and price controls enforced in many countries during World War II encouraged widespread black market activity.
During the Vietnam war, soldiers would spend Military Payment Certificates on maid service and sexual entertainment, thus supporting their partners and their families. If the local then wanted consumer goods, which were sparse in the civil stores due to governmental import controls, he would purchase them for the double price from one of the soldiers, who owned a monthly ration card and thus had access to the military stores. The transactions ran through the on-base maids to the local populace. Despite the fact that these activities were illegal, only flagrant or large scale black marketers were prosecuted by the military.
Prohibition in the United States
Main article: Prohibition in the United States
The prohibition period in the 1920s in the United States is a classic example of the creation of a black market, its activity while the affected good has to be acquired on the black market, and its end. Many organized crime syndicates took advantage of the lucrative opportunities in the resulting black market in banned alcohol production and sales. Since much of the populace did not view drinking alcohol as a particularly harmful activity (that is, consumers and its traders should not be treated like conventional criminals), illegal speakeasies prospered, and organizations such as the Mafia grew tremendously more powerful through their black market activities distributing alcohol.
This effect similarly is seen today, when jurisdictions pass bans on smoking in bars and restaurants. In such jurisdictions, smokeasies (businesses, especially barrooms, which allows smoking despite the legal prohibition) frequently arise. This phenomenon is very prevalent in many jurisdictions with smoking bans, including California, Philadelphia, Utah, Seattle, Ohio, and Washington, D.C..
The Clearstream scandal is an example of such tax evasion. Based in Luxembourg, Clearstream practices financial clearing, which means it centralises operations of multiple banks, some based in tax havens.